Publications

Reports

  • David-Ferdon, Corinne, Thomas R. Simon, Howard Spivak, Deborah Gorman-Smith, Sheila B. Savannah, Robert L. Listenbee, and John Iskande. 2015. "CDC grand rounds: Preventing youth violence." MMWR: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 64(7): 171-174.
  • World Report on Violence Against Children. 2007. "Report of the United Nation’s Secretary General’s Study on Violence Against Children." Chapter 7: Violence Against Children in the Community.
  • Sagaert, Susan, Veronica G. Thomas, Deborah Gorman-Smith, Gwendolyn Puryear Keita, Kenneth I. Maton, Fernando I. Soriano, and Dozier W. Thorton. 2005. Toward an urban psychology: Research, action, and policy. American Psychological Association.

Chapters

  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Andrea Kampfner, and Kim Bromann. 2013. "Family focused prevention and gang violence." In Prevention of Gang Violence, Thomas Simon, Louis Tuthill, Winnie Reed, and Nancy Ritter, eds. 75-88. National Institute of Justice and Centers for Disease Control.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Elizabeth Grisa Hunt, and Dylan Robertson. 2012. "Fatherhood and fathering among low-income and minority men." In The Oxford Handbook of Poverty and Child Development, Valerie Maholmes and Rosalind B. King, eds. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and Alana M. Vivolo. 2012. "Developmental approaches in the prevention of female offending." In The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention, Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington, eds. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, David Henry, E. Quintana, and Kelly Lutovsky. 2007. "The SAFE Children Prevention Program." In Developmental approaches to prevention of substance abuse and related problems, edited by Patrick Tolan, J. Szapocznik, and S. Sombrano. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, and David B. Henry. 2006. "Promoting resilience in the inner-city: Families as a venue for protection, support and opportunity." In Resilience in children, families, and communities: Linking theory with practice and policy, edited by Ray DeV. Peters, Bonnie Leadbeater, and Robert McMahon. New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Kamon, Jody, Patrick H. Tolan, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2006. "Interventions for adolescent
    psychopathology: Linking treatment and prevention." In Behavioral and emotional disorders in adolescents, edited by D. Wolfe and E. Mash, 56-90. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Lonnie Sherrod, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and David Henry. 2003. "Building protection, support, and opportunity for inner-city youth and their families." In Positive youth development: Research and policy, edited by Kenneth Maton, Bonnie Leadbeater, and Andrea Solaraz. Washington, DC: American Psychological Assoc.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah. 2003. "Prevention of antisocial behavior in females." In Primary prevention of antisocial behavior, edited by D. P. Farrington and J. Coid, 292-317. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah. 2003. "The ecology of community and neighborhood and risk for antisocial behavior." In Conduct disorders: risk and intervention, edited by C. Essau, 117-136. New York: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and Patrick H. Tolan. 2003. "Positive adaptation among youth exposed to community violence." In Resilience and Vulnerability: Adaptation in the Context of Childhood Adversities, edited by S. S. Luthar,  392-413. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Capaldi, D., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2003. "Physical and psychological aggression in young adult couples." In Adolescent romance and sexual behavior: Theory, research and practical implications, edited by P. Florsheim, 243-278. New York: LEA Associates.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, and David Henry. 1999. "The relation of community and family to risk among urban-poor adolescents." In Where and when: Influence of historical time and place on aspects of psychopathology, edited by P. Cohen, L. Robins, and C. Slomkowski, 349-367. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Leventhal, Amy, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Patrick H. Tolan. 1999. "Urban violence." In Encyclopedia of Violence, peace, and conflict, edited by L. Kurtz, U2-1-U2-7. San Diego: Academic Press.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and L. Avery. 1998. "Family factors and youth violence." In Youth violence: Prevention, intervention and social policy, edited by D. J. Flannery and C. R. Huff. American Psychiatric Press.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1998. "Development of serious, violent and chronic offenders." In Never to early, never to late: Serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders, edited by Rolf Loeber & D. Farrington, 68-65. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Elena Quintana, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1998. "Prevention approaches for families." In Family psychopathology: The relational roots of dysfunctional behavior, edited by L. L’Abate, 379-400. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1997. "Treatment of juvenile delinquency: Between punishment and therapy." In Handbook of antisocial behavior, edited by D. Stoff, J. Brieling, and J. D. Maser, 405-415. New York: John Wiley.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1997. "Families and development of urban children." In Urban children and youth: Interdisciplinary perspectives on policies and programs, edited by H. J. Walberg, O. Reyes and R. P. Weissberg, 67-91. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
  • Schwartz, R. C., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1997. "Internal Family Systems Model." In Cutting edge of family therapy, edited by M. Nichols and R. C. Schwartz. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and J. L. Matson. 1992. "Sexual abuse and persons with developmental disabilities." In The sexual abuse of children: Theory, research, and therapy 12, edited by W. T. O'Donohue and A. Geer, 285-306. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence-Erlbaum Assn.

Journal Articles (Peer reviewed)

  • Elsaesser, Caitlin, Deborah Gorman-Smith, David Henry, and Michael Schoeny. 2017. “The Longitudinal Relation Between Community Violence Exposure and Academic Engagement During Adolescence: Exploring Families’ Protective Role.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 1-22. DOI: 10.1177/0886260517708404.
  • Burt, S. A., K. L. Klump, D. Gorman-Smith, and J. M. Neiderhister. 2016. "Neighborhood Disadvantage Alters the Origins of Children's Nonaggressive Conduct Problems." Clinical Psychological Science 4(3): 511-526.
  • Charles, P., D. Gorman-Smith, and A. Jones. 2016. "Designing an intervention to promote child development among fathers with antisocial behavior." Research on Social Work Practice 26(1): 20-27.
  • Charles, P., J. Spielfogel, D. Gorman-Smith, M. Schoeny, D. Henry, and P. Tolan. 2016. "Disagreement in Parental Reports of Father Involvement." Journal of Family Issues. doi: 0192513X16644639.
  • Henry, David, Patrick Tolan, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Michael Schoeny. 2016. “Alternatives to Randomized Control Trial Designs for Community-Based Prevention Evaluation.” Prevention Science 18(6): 671-680.
  • Logan, J. E., K. J. Vagi, and D. Gorman-Smith. 2016. "Characteristics of youth with combined histories of violent behavior, suicidal ideation or behavior, and gun-carrying." Crisis.
  • Massetti, G. M., K. M. Holland, and D. Gorman-Smith. 2016. "Implementation measurement for evidence-based violence prevention programs in communities." Journal of Community Health 41(4): 881-894.
  • Massetti, Greta M., Thomas R. Simon, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2016. “Methodological and Design Considerations in Evaluating the Impact of Prevention Program on Violence and Related Health Outcomes.” Prevention Science 17(7): 779-784.
  • Prince, Dana M., Marina Epstein, Paula S. Nurius, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and David B. Henry. 2016. “Reciprocal Effects of Positive Future Expectations, Threats to Safety, and Risk Behavior Across Adolescence.” Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2016.1197835.
  • Prince, D. M., M. Epstein, P. S. Nurius, K. King, D. Gorman-Smith, and D. Henry. 2016. "Assessing Future Expectations of Low-Income Minority Youth Men: Survival-Threats and Positive Expectations." Journal of Child and Family Studies 25(7): 2089-2101.
  • Burt, S. A., K. L. Klump, D. A. Kashy, D. Gorman-Smith, and J. M. Neiderhiser. 2015. "Neighborhood as a predictor of non-aggressive, but not aggressive, antisocial behaviors in adult." Psychological medicine 45(13), 2897-2907.
  • Gottfredson, D. C., T. D. Cook, F. E. Gardner, D. Gorman-Smith, G. W. Howe, I. N. Sandler, and K. M. Zafft. 2015. "Standards of evidence for efficacy, effectiveness, and scale-up research in prevention science: Next generation." Prevention Science 16(7): 893-926.
  • Hawkins, J. D., J. M. Jenson, R. Catalano, M. W. Fraser, G. J. Botvin, V. Shapiro, D. Gorman-Smith, et al., and M. J. Rotheram-Borus. 2015. "Unleashing of power of prevention." Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. 
  • LeDonne, E., A. M. Klahr, K. Neiderhiser, K. Klump, D. Gorman-Smith, and S. A. Burt. 2015. "Does marital adjustment moderate genetic and environmental influences on parenting?" Behavior Genetics 45(6): 668-668.
  • Fowler, Patrick J., David B. Henry, Michael E. Schoeny, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Patrick H. Tolan. 2014. "Effects of the SAFE Children preventive intervention on developmental trajectories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms." Development and Psychopathology 26 (4pt1): 1161-1179.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Lauren Feig, Franklin Cosey-Gay, and Molly Coeling. 2014. "Strengthening families and communities to prevent youth violence." Children’s Law Review Journal.
  • Henry, David, Deborah Gorman-Smith, Michael Schoeny, and Patrick Tolan. 2014. "'Neighborhood Matters': Assessment of Neighborhood Social Processes." American Journal of Community Psychology 54 (3-4): 187-204.
  • Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2014. "Mediators of proximal effects of a selective family-focused violence prevention approach for middle school students." Prevention Science 43(3): 473-485.
  • Elsaesser, Caitlin, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and David Henry. 2013. "The role of the school environment in relational aggression and victimization." Journal of Youth and Adolescence 42(2): 235-49.
  • Jennifer L. Matjaskoa, Alana M. Vivolo-Kantora, David B. Henry, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Michael E. Schoeny. 2013. "The relationship between a family-focused preventive intervention, parenting practices, and exposure to violence during the transition to adolescence: Testing a mediational model." Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma 22(1): 45-66.
  • Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2013. "Implementation and process effects on prevention outcomes for middle school students." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, doi:10.1080/15374416.2013.814540.
  • Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2013. "Moderating effects of school climate on outcomes for the Multisite Violence Prevention Project Universal Program." Journal of Research on Adolescence, doi:10.1111/jora.12073.
  • Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2013. "The moderating role of developmental microsystems in selective preventive intervention effects on aggression and victimization of aggressive and socially-influential students." Prevention Science 14(4): 390-99.
  • Henry, David B., Patrick H. Tolan, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Michael Schoeny. 2012. "Risk and direct protective factors for youth violence: Results from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Multisite Violence Prevention Project." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 43(2): S67-75.
  • Hagerich, T. M., Deborah Gorman-Smith, D. J. Wiebe, and Michael Yonas. 2010. "Advancing research in youth violence prevention to inform evidence-based policy and practice." Injury Prevention 16: 358-359.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2010. "Universal versus selective approaches to school-based violence prevention: A randomized trial of ecological effects on middle school students." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 77: 526-542.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, David B. Henry, and Michael Schoeny. 2010. "The effects of a booster prevention program on child behavior and family functioning: The SAFE Children program." Prevention Science 10: 287-297.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2009. "The ecological effects of universal and selective violence prevention programs for middle school students: A randomized trial." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 77(3): 526-542.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2008. "Impact of a universal school-based violence prevention program on social-cognitive outcomes." Prevention Science 9(4): 231-244.
  • Miller-Johnson, Shari, Deborah Gorman-Smith, Thomas Simon, Terri Sullivan, Pamela Orpinas, and the Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2009. "Parent and peer predictors of physical dating violence perpetration in early adolescence: Tests of moderation and gender differences." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 38: 538-550.
  • Simon, Thomas, Shari Miller-Johnson, Deborah Gorman-Smith, Terri Sullivan, Pamela Orpinas, and the Multisite Violence Prevention Project 2009. "Rates of violence perpetration and victimization among young adolescents." Journal of Early Adolescence.
  • Sheidow, Ashli J., Martha K. Strachan, Joel A. Minden, David B. Henry, Patrick H. Tolan, and Deborah Gorman Smith. 2008. "The relation of antisocial behavior patterns and changes in internalizing symptoms for a same of inner-city youth: Co-morbidity within a developmental framework." Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
  • Brady, Sonya S., Deborah Gorman-Smith, David Henry, and Patrick H. Tolan. 2008. "Adaptive coping reduces the impact of community violence exposure on violent behavior among African American and Latino male adolescents." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 36: 105-115.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and the Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2008. "Impact of a universal school-based violence prevention program on social cognitive outcomes." Prevention Science 9: 231-244.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, David Henry, and Michael Schoeny. 2007. "Prevention as one form of developmental intervention: Implications for service and training." Child and Family Policy and Practice Review 3: 14-16.
  • Spokane, Arnold R., Joanna L. Lombard, Frank Martinez, Craig A. Mason, Deborah Gorman-Smith, et al. 2007. "Identifying streetscape features significant to well-being." Architectural Science Review 50(3): 234-345.
  • Henry, David B., Shari Miller-Johnson, Thomas Simon, Michael Schoeny and The Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2007. "Validity of teacher nominations and ratings for selecting influential high risk students for a targeted intervention." Prevention Science 7: 31-41.
  • Szapocznik, Jose, Craig Mason, Joanna Lombard, Frank Martinez, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Elizabeth Plater Zyberk. 2006. "The impact of the built environment on school outcomes." American Journal of Community Psychology 38: 299-310.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, and David B. Henry. 2006. "Family Violence." Annual Review of Psychology 57: 550-583.
  • Henry, David B., Shari Miller-Johnson, Thomas Simon, Michael Schoeny, and the Multisite Violence Prevention Project 2006. "Validity of teacher nominations and ratings for selecting influential high risk students for a targeted intervention." Prevention Science 7: 31-41.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and Rolf Loeber. 2005. "Are developmental pathways in disruptive behaviors the same for girls and boys?" Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 14: 15-27.
  • Henry, David B., Tolan, Patrick H., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2005. "Clustering methods in family psychology research." Journal of Family Psychology 19: 121-132.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, David B. Henry, and Patrick H. Tolan. 2004. "Exposure to community violence and violence perpetration: The protective effects of family functioning." Journal of Child Clinical and Adolescent Psychology 33: 439-449.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, and David B. Henry. 2004. "Supporting families in high-risk settings: Proximal effects of the SAFE children prevention program." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 72: 855-869.
  • Henry, David B., Patrick H. Tolan, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2004. "Were there lasting effects associated with the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks among inner-city parents and children?" Journal of Professional Psychology Research & Practice 35: 542-547.
  • Henry, David B., Albert D. Farrell, and The Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2004. "The study designed by a committee: Design of the Multisite Violence Prevention Project." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 26: 12-19.
  • Meyer, Aleta L., Kevin W. Allison, Le'Roy E. Reese, Franklin N. Gay, and The Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2004. "Choosing to be violence free in middle school: The student component of the GREAT schools and families universal program." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 26: 20-28.
  • Miller-Johnson, Shari, Terri N. Sullivan, Thomas R. Simon, and The Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2004. "Evaluating the Impact of Interventions in the Multisite Violence Prevention study: Samples, Procedures, and Measures." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 26: 48-61.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and The Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2004. "The Multisite Violence Prevention Project: Background and overview." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 26: 3-11.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and the Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2004. "Lessons learned in the Multisite Violence Prevention Project collaboration: Big questions require large efforts." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 26: 62-71.
  • Orpinas, Pamela, Arthur M. Horne, and The Multisite Violence Prevention Project. 2004. "A teacher-focused approach to prevent and reduce students’ aggressive behavior: The GREAT teacher program." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 26: 29-38.
  • Smith, Emilie Phillips, Deborah Gorman-Smith, William Quinn, David Rabiner, Patrick H. Tolan, and Donna Marie Winn, and The Multisite "Violence Prevention Project. 2004. Community-based multiple family groups to prevent and reduce violent and aggressive behavior: The GREAT families program." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 26: 39-47.
  • Metropolitan Area Child Study Group and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2003. "Effects of teacher training and consultation on teacher behavior toward students at high risk for aggression." Behavior Therapy.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2003. "What violence prevention can tell us about developmental psychopathology." Development and Psychopathology 14: 713-729.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, David B. Henry. 2003. "Developmental ecology of urban males’ youth violence." Developmental Psychology 39: 274-291.
  • Deborah Gorman-Smith, Patrick H. Tolan, David Henry, Amy Leventhal, Michael Schoeny, Kelly Lutovsky, and Elena Quintana. 2002. "Predictors of participation in a family focused preventive-intervention for substance use." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 16: S55-S64.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, and Ashli Sheidow. 2002. "Partner and street violence among urban adolescents: Do the same family factors relate?" Journal of Research on Adolescence 11: 273-295.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, and David B. Henry. 2002. "Linking family violence to delinquency across generations." Children’s Service: Social Policy, Research & Practice 5: 273-284.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, David Henry, Marcy Hunt, and Kyu-suk Chung. 2002. "The structure of coping of inner-city adolescents." Journal of Research on Adolescence 11: 273-295.
  • Henry, David B., Patrick H. Tolan, Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2001. "Longitudinal family and peer group effects on violence and nonviolent delinquency." Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 30: 172-186.
  • Sheidow, Ashli J., Deborah Gorman-Smith, Patrick H. Tolan, and David B. Henry. 2001. "Family and community characteristics: Risk factors for violence exposure in inner-city youth." Journal of Community Psychology 29: 345-360.
  • Patrick H. Tolan, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and David Henry. 2001. "New study focuses on efficacy of “whole school” prevention approaches." Emotional and Behavior Disorders in Youth 2: 5-6.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, and David B. Henry. 2000. "A developmental-ecological model of the relation of family functioning to patterns of delinquency." Journal of Quantitative Criminology 16: 169-198.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, David B. Henry, and Paul Florsheim. 2000. "Patterns of family functioning and adolescent outcomes among urban African-American and Mexican American families." Journal of Family Psychology 14: 436-457.
  • Minden, Joel, David B. Henry, Patrick H. Tolan, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 2000. "Urban boyssocial networks and school violence." Professional School Counseling 4: 95-104.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Rolf Loeber. 2000. "Developmental timing of onsets of disruptive behaviors and later delinquency of inner-city youth." Journal of Child and Family Studies 9: 203-220.
  • Miller, Laurie, Gail Wasserman, Deborah Gorman-Smith, and Richard Neugebauer. 1999. "Witnessed community violence and antisocial behavior in high-risk, urban boys." Journal of Child Clinical Psychology 28: 2-11.
  • Florsheim, Paul, Patrick H. Tolan, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1998. "Single-parenthood, family factors and risk for behavior problems among African-American and Latino boys." Child Development 5: 1437-1447.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and Patrick H. Tolan. 1998. "The role of exposure to violence and developmental problems among inner-city youth." Development and Psychopathology 10: 101-116.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, Rolf Loeber, and David Henry. 1998. "The relation of family problems to patterns of delinquent involvement among urban youth." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 26: 319-333.
  • Tolan, Patrick H., Deborah Gorman-Smith, Arnaldo Zelli, and L. R. Huesmann. 1997. "Assessment of family relationship characteristics: A measure to explain risk for antisocial behavior and depression in youth." Psychological Assessment 9: 212-223.
  • Florsheim, Paul, Patrick H. Tolan, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1996. "Family processes and risk for externalizing behavior or problems among African-American and Hispanic boys." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64: 1222-1230.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and Patrick H. Tolan. 1996. "Prospects and possibilities: Next steps in sound understanding of youth violence: Response to McCord (1996), Henggeler (1996), Dakof (1996) and Kupperminc and Repucci (1996)." Journal of Family Psychology 10: 153-157.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, Patrick H. Tolan, Arnaldo Zelli, and L. R. Huesmann. 1996. "The relation of family functioning to violence among inner-city minority youth." Journal of Family Psychology 10: 115-129.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and J. L. Matson. 1993. "Abuso sexual y personas con retraso mental." Siglo Cero 146: 5-14.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and Patrick H. Tolan. 1992. "Ethics and empirical basis of treatment of adult survivors of sexual abuse." American Family Therapy Association Newsletter 50: 41-44.
  • Matson, J. L., D. Ary, and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1986. "Scholarly productivity in mental retardation." Applied Research in Mental Retardation 7: 483-490.
  • Matson, J. L., and Deborah Gorman-Smith. 1986. "A review of treatment research for aggressive and disruptive behavior in the mentally regarded." Applied Research in Mental Retardation 7: 95-103.
  • Gorman-Smith, Deborah, and J. L. Matson. 1985. "A review of treatment research for self-injurious and stereotyped responding." Journal of Mental Deficiency Research 29: 295-308.